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PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Important Psychology Mcqs from Past Papers for Lecturer Test Preparation 2015

PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Important  Psychology Mcqs from Past Papers for Lecturer Test Preparation 2015

Developmental psychologists believe that two factors that influence human development are:
a) Motivation and emotion
b) Self and others
c) Genetic makes up and experience
d) Rewards and punishments

2) Motor skills are largely a result of:
a) Learning
b) Maturational process
c) Practice
d) Observing other

3) In Piaget’s theory, the first two years of life are called the —– stages:
a) Paralinguistic
b) Exploratory
c) Sensorimotor
d) Preoperational

4) Learning theories explain attachment of infants to their parents in items of:
a) Conditioning
b) Observational learning
c) The maturation of perceptual skills
d) Cognitive development

5) Freud was among the first to suggest that abnormal behavior:
a) Can have a hereditary basis
b) Is not the result of demonic possession
c) Is psychology caused
d) Can result from biological factors

6) Which of the following is not a common symptom of the depression?
a) Insomnia
b) Delusions
c) Poor appetite
d) Lethargy

7) Gradual exposure to actual feared situation is called:
a) Cognitive desensitization
b) In vivo desensitization
c) Flooding
d) Breaking of resistance

8) Rotational –emotive therapy is a type of:
a) Psychoanalysis
b) Client-centered therapy
c) Cognitive –behavior therapy
d) Behavior therapy

9) The concept of intelligence is closely related to:
a) Motivation
b) Learning
c) Perception
d) Cognition

10) Most IQ tests assess:
a) Academic motivation
b) Convergent thinking
c) Perceptual motor skills
d) Creativity

11) Addictive disorders include:
a) Alcoholism and drug addiction
b) Overeating
c) Sociopathalogy
d) All the above

12) Seizures, confusions, delusions and hallucinations are symptoms of :
a) Advanced alcoholism
b) Delirium tremens
c) Alcoholic withdrawal
d) All of the above

13) The central concept in Gestalt therapy is:
a) Awareness
b) Self-fulfillment
c) Self-control
d) Desensitization

14) The techniques used in behavior modification:
a) Stress interpersonal interactions
b) Employ the principal of learning
c) Are capable to a very limited rang of psychological problems
d) All involve some sort of operant conditioning

15) Research has suggested that compulsive behavior persists because:
a) It reduces anxiety
b) There is some underlying conflict
c) Others begin to expect it
d) It diverts the attention of the individual from the problem

16) A perceptual experience, which is not grounded in reality, is called a/an:
a) Delusion
b) Illusionary images
c) Hallucinations
d) Spontaneous discharge of sensory neurons

17) The hallucinations of schizophrenic are most likely to be:
a) Auditory
b) Visual
c) Tactual
d) Olfactory

18) Among people with severe mood disorder, ——- is most common:
a) Mania
b) Depression
c) Manic-depression
d) Euphoria

19) Rogers believes that all of us are born with:
a) Unconditional positive regard
b) A drive for self fulfillment
c) A sense of individuality and uniqueness
d) A variety of incongruence, which must be resolved in infancy and early childhood

20) Tests that employ real life problems that the examinee is likely to face on the job are called:
a) Job tasks
b) Valid tests
c) Situational tests
d) Projective techniques
) The group in an experiment which receives no treatment is called:
a) Control group
b) Experimental group
c) No group

2) The portion of your nervous system which controls breathing and digestion is:
a) Axon
b) Autonomic
c) Linear circuit
d) None of these

3) The color, smell and feeling of the flowers are relayed through what part of brain:
a) Acetylcholine
b) Thalamus
c) Motor area
d) None of these

4) A hungry person would find food to be a:
a) Primary reinforcer
b) Secondary reinforcer
c) None of these

5) A psychologist explains you that learning can be best defined in terms of underlying thought process. What theory is being stated:
a) Social learning
b) Cognitive learning
c) Trial and error
d) None of these

6) According to Maslow, a person with no job, no friends and no house can be self actualized:
a) 100 percent yes
b) 100 percent no
c) None of these

7) A need to establish and maintain relationship with other people:
a) Achievement motivation
b) Need for affiliation
c) None of these

8) Term n-ach was introduced by:
a) Mc Cleland
b) Jung
c) Maslow
d) None of these

9) Repression refers to:
a) Primary defense mechanism
b) Regression
c) Frustration
d) None of these

10) Enduring dimensions of personality characteristics differentiating people from another is called:
a) Factor analysis
b) Trait
c) Determinism
d) None of these

11) The theory which suggests that people learn attitude by observing their own behavior is:
a) Operant conditioning
b) CR
c) Self-perception
d) None of these

12) Theory of cognitive dissonance is offered by:
a) Skinner
b) Bandura
c) Festinger
d) None of these

13) The ability to view the world in 3 dimensions and perceive distance is:
a) Depth perception
b) Illusion
c) Delusion
d) None of these

14) According to Bandura, one is socialized by:
a) Punishment
b) Observation
c) Food
d) None of these

15) Crowding causes increase in heart rate and the level of adrenaline:
a) No
b) Yes

16) Studies demonstrate that greater genetic similarity is associated with greater similarity of attitudes:
a) True
b) False

17) A theory that states that emotions are a join result of non-specific physiological arousal and interpretation of the arousal is called:
a) Two-factor theory of emotion
b) James-Lange theory of emotion
c) Bem’s theory of emotion d) None of these

18) Maintenance of an internal biological balance is called:
a) Instinct
b) Need
c) Homeostasis
d) None of these

19) The part of personality that provides a buffer between the id and the out side world is:
a) Super-ego
b) Ego
c) Ego-ideal
d) None of these

20) Specialized cells of nervous system carry:
a) Messages
b) Reflexes
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) None of the (a) and (b)
The combination of responses or ideals in novel way is called:
a) Exploration
b) Creativity
c) Thinking

2) Group intelligence testing is better than individual testing:
a) True
b) False

3) Birth typically occurs after:
a) Forty weeks conception
b) Thirty eight weeks conception
c) Four weeks conception
d) None of these

4) Longitudinal researches investigate:
a) Behavior through times as subject age
b) Behavior of different ages are compared
c) None of these

5) The cause of abnormal behavior is only physiological, it is explained by:
a) Psycho model
b) Medical model
c) Psychosocial model
d) None of these

6) One abnormal behavior was associated with witch craft:
a) True
b) False

7) A feeling of apprehension or tension is:
a) Frustration
b) Panic
c) Anxiety

8) Which of the following treatments deal with phobias by gradual exposure?
a) Super ego control
b) Systematic desensitization
c) Reinforcement
d) Dreams
e) None of these

9) The operation of the brain’s neurotransmitters is altered because:
a) Use of LDS
b) Use of alcohol
c) None of these

10) Researches show that poor performance is the result of:
a) Poor conditions
b) Job satisfaction
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) None of these

11) Low job satisfaction is likely to bring about high absenteeism:
a) False
b) True

12) The term propinquity explains:
a) Geographical proximity
b) Why people affiliate with one another
c) Both (a) and (b)
d) None of these

13) Group think refers to:
a) Deterioration of mental efficiency
b) Deterioration of physical energy
c) Think tank
d) None of these

14) Main functions of stimulants are:
a) To alleviate tension
b) To provide energy and alertness
c) Prescribed for insomnia
d) None of these

15) Chromosomal anomalies can be recognized by slanting eyes and flat nose:
a) Down’s syndrome
b) PKU
c) Langdon Down’s syndrome

16) Characters disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive behavior are developed due to disturbed parent-child relation in the:
a) Later Oedipal phase
b) Paranoid stage
c) Libido
d) None of these

17) According to the Piaget, from 2 to 7 years of age, language is developed slowly and gradually this stage is called:
a) Preoperational stage
b) Egocentric stage
c) Sensorimator stage
d) None of these

18) Speech like but meaningless sound appear between 3 months to one year is termed as:
a) Syntax
b) Babble
c) Conversation
d) None of these

19) The ability to deal with new problems and encounters is technically called as:
a) Crystallized intelligence
b) G or g-factor of intelligence
c) Fluid intelligence
d) None of these

20) The triachric theory of intelligence suggests that there are:
a) Four components
b) Six components
c) Three components
d) None of these

1) The junction where the axon of a sending neuron communicates with a receiving neuron is called the:
a) Reuptake site
b) Receptor site
c) Synapse
d) Axon terminal
e) None of these

2) The autonomic nervous system differs from the somatic nervous system in that its operation is largely:
a) Involuntary
b) Voluntary
c) Controlled by the brain
d) Controlled by the spinal chord
e) None of these

3) The most fundamental principle of perceptual organization is called the:
a) Figure-ground relationship
b) Volley principle
c) Dark adaptation phenomenon
d) Law of closure
e) None of these

4) Which of the following phenomena was studied by parlor?
a) Maturation
b) Animal cognition
c) Operant conditioning
d) Classical conditioning
e) None of these

5) What can occur if a person believes that a connection exists between an act and its consequences when there is no relationship between the two?
a) Classical conditioning
b) Superstitious behavior
c) Shaping
d) Sequential learning
e) None of these

6) Advertisers place beautiful people or likeable places and objects with the products they are trying to sell because these items:
a) Distract from the disadvantages of the products
b) Cause pleasant feelings to be evoked
c) Are part of the products’ basic qualities
d) Are just elements of scenery
e) None of these

7) The body’s natural tendency to maintain a state of internal balance or equilibrium is called:
a) Arousal
b) Opponent process
c) Homeostasis
d) Instinct
e) None of these

8) Concerns with meeting standards of excellence and accomplishing difficult tasks refer to need for:
a) Affiliation
b) Achievement
c) Power
d) Apperception
e) None of these

9) Which of the following condition is not associated with prolonged sensory deprivation?
a) Inability to concentrate
b) A satisfying-relaxed feeling
c) Hallucinations
d) Confusion
e) None of these

10) Presence of others may interfere with performance due to:
a) Social inhabitation
b) Social loafing
c) Distraction
d) All of these
e) None of these

11) Psychology has been defined by psychologists as:
a) The study of behavior
b) The study of mental activity
c) The science that studies behavior and mental process
d) None of these
e) All of these

12) When we look at a distant object, we usually judge its size by:
a) Object size
b) Perspective size
c) A compromise between object size and perspective size
d) Retinal size
e) None of these

13) The view that we are born with the ability to perceive the way we do it held by:
a) Sensory psychologists
b) Nativists
c) Empiricists
d) Contemporary psychologists
e) None of these

14) The ability to focus on stimuli in which we are interested while resisting distracting stimuli is called:
a) Concentrated attending
b) Stimulus focusing
c) Selective attention
d) Structured perceiving
e) None of these

15) In Freud’s theory of personality:
a) The ego obeys the reality principle
b) The id operates by secondary process thinking
c) The super-ego obeys the pleasure principle
d) The ego operates by primary process thinking
e) None of these

16) Trail theory has been criticized on the ground that:
a) Traits may be highly dependent on the situation
b) Moderator variable are often very influential
c) They often do not specify how traits are organized within the personality
d) All of the (a), (b) and (c)
e) None of the (a), (b) and (c)

17) When we receive mixed information about a person, we tend to base our impression on the information that is:
a) Favorable
b) Unfavorable
c) Received first
d) Received last
e) None of these

18) Most of the social psychological research on attitude change has been generated by theories concerning:
a) Consistency in attitudes and behavior
b) Cognitive dissonance
c) Self-perception
d) Attribution
e) None of these

19) The public opinion survey is:
a) A passive record of opinion
b) Limited to what the public believes at one moment in time
c) Generally ignored by successful politicians
d) Increasingly helping to shape opinion as well as measure it
e) None of these

20) The objectivity of science lies in:
a) The capability of scientists to avoid the prejudices of their society
b) The choice of question studied
c) Its methodology
d) All of these
e) None of these
What are the problems associated with low birth weight?
a) Susceptibility to infection
b) Difficulty in maintaining body temperature
c) Susceptibility to infection
d) Difficulty with breathing, sucking swallowing and digestion
e) None of the (a) (b) and (c)

2) According to Piaget, the major accomplishment of the sensorimotor stage is:
a) Abstract thinking
b) Egocentrism
c) Centration
d) Object permanence
e) None of these

3) During the stage of concrete operations children:
a) Understand the concept of reversibility
b) Do not yet understand the concept of conversation
c) Are able to solve abstract problems
d) None of these

4) Studies show that an “authoritarian family” tends to produce an adolescent who is:
a) Dependent and obedient
b) Self-reliant
c) Independent but deserved
d) Surface-complaint but rebellious underneath

5) Child-rearing methods in Pakistan:
a) Differ little from those in other countries
b) Differ from one social class to another
c) Have changed very little over the past fifty years
d) Are now pretty much the same from one social class to the next

6) According to Erickson’s theory, the struggle during adolescence is:
a) Intimacy versus isolation
b) Initiative versus role confusion
c) Competence versus inferiority

7) A major defining characteristic of personality disorder is that they:
a) Are psychological, more from society’s view than from that of the person’s who have them
b) Reflect a lack of contrast with reality
c) Are comparatively easy to treat
d) Are frequently relative, i.e. short term responses to stress

8) The behavioral interpretation of depression relates it to “learned happiness.” The most obvious symptom of this condition is:
a) Passivity
b) Increased appetite
c) Excessive-aggressiveness when threatened
d) An increase in random maladaptive behavior

9) Behavior therapists believe that insight is:
a) A worthwhile goal
b) Non sufficient for behavior change
c) Not necessary for behavior change
d) All of these

10) The suggested cause of abnormal behavior from the cognitive perspective is:
a) Faulty learning
b) Early childhood experiences
c) Unconscious unresolved conflicts
d) Faulty thinking

11) The most frequently occurring major psychological disorder is:
a) Phobias
b) Schizophrenia
c) Depression
d) Bipolar disorder

12) Person-centered therapy is best described as:
a) Confrontive
b) Structured
c) Nondirective
d) Objective

13) Systematic desensitization is used in treatment of:
a) Schizophrenia
b) Mood disorders
c) Phobias
d) Somatoform disorders

14) Guilford’s structure of intellect model of intelligence is notable because:
a) It separate operations from content and product
b) It rejects the idea of gender feature
c) It yields 180 unique intellectual factors
d) All of these

15) The most important criterion of whether an individual should be considered retarded is that individual’s:
a) Social competence
b) Mental age
c) IQ
d) Ability to learn to speak

16) Improved job satisfaction result in—-in work performance and—– in turnover:
a) Decrease: decrease
b) Increase: no change
c) Increase: increase
d) No change: decrease

17) Some employers allow their employees to create their own sceduals within set parameters. This is called:
a) Job sharing
b) Job enrichment
c) Time sharing
d) Flextime

18) All of the following are some of the major sources of work stress EXCEPT:
a) Little control
b) Shift work
c) High decision latitude
d) Discrimination

19) Bonuses, recognition awards, praise and time off improve motivation through the application of:
a) Performance appraisal
b) Benefits
c) Reinforcement
d) Objective criteria

20) The Binet-Simon scale was adapted for American use by:
a) Thurston
b) Terman
c) Wechsler
d) Binet

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