How to Write an Effective Essay
The Word Essay means to Attempt.
i) Essay is an attempt to compose the relevant ideas in correct, concise, comprehensive and concrete way.
ii) Essay is just a literary composition of any given Topic
iii) Essay cannot be attractive unless you do not give lightness, grace and ease.
Selecting the Topic for Essay
There will be two types of Topics
1. General Topics: “We have to specify” (Example: Pakistan)
2. Specific Topics: “already specified” (Example: Politics in Pakistan)
Note: There is no any rule of restriction to choose the topic, it is totally depend on your understanding with the topic.
*Although General Topics are more easier than Specific
Select Topic for Essay
i) Energy Crisis in Pakistan
ii) Status of women in Islam
iii) Indifference of Attitude
iv) Being a child is no child’s play
v) My views about Politics
vi) Poverty of our Civil Society
vii) Choose the subject you know the best.
Understanding of Topic
i) Words of Topic are very important in order to recognize the real sense.
iii) Every Solution Breeds a New Problem
iii) Strong Democracy in Future of Pakistan
General Rules for Essay
Rule of unity: The Rule of unity must applies to the structure of paragraph and sentences.
Coherence: The ideas expressed in the Essay should be joined together logically.
Proportion: Proper Proportion should be observed during its various parts.
Structure of Essay
There are mainly 3 Parts of an Essay
i) The introduction guides the reader into your paper by grabbing attention and introducing the topic
ii) An Introduction of an essay generally tells the reader that what he is going to read in the body.
iii) An Introduction would consider good if it rivets the reader’s attention and suggest him the general aim of the essay.
iv) An introduction should be short (max: one page)
vi) Introduction should be striking and relevant to the subject.
vii) Introduction should lead to the subject without any unnecessary delay.
How to write an Introduction?
There are three different methods about writing an introduction of essay.
1) Direct Method:
Identify the key words and begin with them.
Status of Women in Islam
2) Indirect Method:
Start with event, saying, story or statement.
3. Full Statement Method
Start with complete Statement which support your topic.
Example: If topic is Status of women in Islam.
“Islam gives high status to women at every step of life”
i) A thesis statement is simply an argument that you are going to prove.
ii) It is the road map for your essay and explains to the reader exactly what you will discuss in your paper.
iii) The thesis statement will be the LAST SENTENCE in your INTRODUCTION paragraph.
iv) A basic thesis statement contains the topic and the 1 to 3 main points to support the topic.
For example: if the topic is about “Culture of Pakistan” You can write “Culture of Pakistan has a long history, blends traditions from several other cultures, and provides a rich heritage. ”
Main Body of Essay
i) Body is just Combinations of PARAGRAPHS.
ii) It contains Facts Illustration and Reflections.
iii) Try to place strongest paragraph on the top.
iv) At least up to 7 pages you must put strongest paragraphs.
v) Paragraph must contain one main idea. In every first sentence put your main idea.
vi) You must justify your main idea in particular paragraph.
vii) Do not attempt to exhaust the topic.
viii) Do not give all that might be said.
ix) Avoid using pronouns (I,We, You, They etc…)
How to write Paragraph?
A full and complete paragraph consists of a MINIMUM of 8-10 sentences and follows a specific format:
TOPIC SENTENCE (1st Sentence)
The topic sentence reflects which thesis statement point you will be discussing in the body paragraph.
You must PROVE your POINT by providing PROOFS (examples) to support your topic sentence.
You must COMMENT on each PROOF to further your analysis.
Therefore…POINT (topic sentence) PROOF & COMMENT (x3)
CONCLUDING SENTENCE (Last Sentence)
Each paragraph should end with a final statement that brings together the ideas brought up in the paragraph and emphasizes the main point one last time.
The conclusion brings together ALL of the main points of the essay.
It refers back to and RESTATES the THESIS.
The conclusion leaves the reader with a final thought and a sense of closure by resolving any ideas brought up in the essay.
RULE: IN ANY CONCLUSION
YOU CANNOT INTRODUCE ANYTHING NEW!
How to construct outline?
An outline is a general plan of the material that is to be presented in an essay. The outline shows the order of the various topics, the relative importance of each, and the relationship between the various parts.
First make rough outline at the back of answer sheet.
You must give 25 to 40 minutes to construct a proper outline.
. Include a career summary at the top of your résumé
You only have a matter of seconds — a minute if you’re lucky — to impress a human resource or hiring manager with your résumé. Don’t make them search for the important material. By including a career summary at the top, it will give managers an immediate snapshot of your skills and accomplishments.
2. Keep it up to date
No matter the state of the economy, you should always have a recent résumé and portfolio on hand. Fifty percent of the 8,038 employees surveyed by CareerBuilder.com said their résumés aren’t up to date.
Any time your responsibilities increase or you accomplish something significant, update your résumé with that information. You never know when you’ll need to produce a current résumé.
3. Incorporate keywords
Tracking systems are becoming increasingly popular to screen and weed out unqualified candidates. In fact, 51 percent of human resource managers report using them in the hiring process.
To avoid the discard pile, integrate keywords from the job posting into your résumé. Doing so will heighten your chances of showing up near the top of the employer’s ranking of the most relevant candidates.
4. Use a functional résumé
Almost every major industry is experiencing mass layoffs, with the exception of a couple. That being said, many job seekers are looking for work in new industries and professions where they might not have much experience.
Listing your experience by skill categories rather than chronologically shows employers the proficiencies you possess rather than those you lack.
5. Include all relevant experience
Whether you’re expanding your job search to a new industry or you’re a new college graduate, you might not have the necessary experience to land that job you want.
Make sure you’re including all pertinent experience on your résumé. Volunteer work, leadership roles or community involvement are all areas most employers consider to be relevant experience.
Now that you’ve incorporated these five tips into your résumé, the worst thing you can do is send a generic copy out to the masses while you sit on your couch and pray for a response.
Be proactive with your résumé and take advantage of the tools available to you. On job boards like CareerBuilder.com, for example, you can use resources like cbResume, cbResumeDirect and Resume Upgrade, all of which can increase your visibility to employers.
Additionally, you should utilize social networking sites to host your application materials, as well as target your résumé to the company where you’re applying.
Information Regarding How to Develop an effective Business Plan for PM Youth Business Loan Scheme
1. What is a business plan
a. It is the face of your business; Functions like a magnet, attracting your clients, investors and strategic partners
b. It is a living document; You should Review it with every change in external and / or internal factors
2. Why does the applicant need a business plan
a. Read the first page of Business Plan Template. Which explains
b. First step for fine tuning your ideas for practical implementation into a functioning business
c. Acts as a ‘How to’ guide for running your business
d. Helps you map options for best and worst case scenarios
3. How to develop a business plan
a. Know your business: Market research, product / service, target customer
b. Create your identity: Company/ Business mission, vision
c. Structure your thoughts: Write your business plan (Refer to Table of content of Template)
4. Key features of a good business plan
Think about the following before and after you’ve written every section:
a. Description of your project and product (Refer to Sec II of BPT)
b. Marketing Plan: Product, customer profile, distribution channel and proposed location, pricing, promotion and advertising.(Ref to Sec III of BPT)
c. Operational Plan: Production, location, Inventory, Credit, Payables (Refer to Sec IV of BPT)
d. Management and Organization: Competitive strengths, Legal form and structure (Ref to Sec V)
e. Startup Expenses an Capitalization: Estimating Pre Ops, Contingencies and unforeseen (Ref to Sec VI)
f. Financial Plan: Recommend using professional help for Income Statement, Balance Sheet and Cash flow (Ref to Sec VII)
g. Appendices; Advice on appending useful written materials to Business Plan (Refer to Sec VIII)
h. Refining the Plan; Advice on how to create a plan specifically suited to applicants business.(Refer to Sec IX)
5. Who will develop a business plan
a. The entrepreneur may use professional help, however DO IT YOURSELF
b. Technical advice from private sector experts/Govt institutions, listed