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PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Sociology Important Mcqs from Past Papers for Lecturer Test Preparation 2015

PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Sociology  Important Mcqs from Past Papers for Lecturer Test Preparation 2015

When the researcher asks the respondent face to face question, this method is called:
(a) Interview Schedule
(b) Questionnaire
(c) Observation
(d) Interview guide
(e) None of these

2) Power that people consider legitimate is known as:
(a) Force
(b) Right
(c) Authority
(d) Previlege
(e) None of these

3) Social Structure of a society is the network of:
(a) Institutional relations
(b) Value System
(c) Traditions
(d) Compliance to Norms
(e) None of these

4) WID approach believes in:
(a) Gender mainstreaming
(b) Gender Segregation
(c) Incorporating women in development activities
(d) None of these

5) Geronotology is the study of:
(a) Human Beings
(b) Special Groups
(c) Aged and Aging
(d) All of these

6) The most pervasive of the social processes are:
(a) Cooperation
(b) Over Conflict
(c) Competition
(d) None of these

7) Abstract Sentiments are:
(a) Closer to the center of the self than moral rules
(b) Provide a focus for allegiance
(c) Are compellers of action
(d) None of these

8) The creative potential of personality is accounted for by:
(a) Stimulus-response psychology
(b) Drive psychology
(c) Trait psychology
(d) None of these

9) The country with better record for gathering population statistics then any other is:
(a) Japan
(b) Sweden
(c) USA
(d) None of these

10) The exception to the typical application of endogamy is:
(a) Tribe
(b) Kinship
(c) Race
(d) None of these

11) Stratified samples fall under:
(a) Probability sampling design
(b) Non-Probability sampling design
(c) Multi-stage sampling design
(d) None of these

12) Egoistic, the special type of suicide presented by Emile Durkheim spring from:
(a) Excessive regulation
(b) Excessive individualism
(c) Over migration with group
(d) None of these

13) A close connection between religion and economic forces was presented by:
(a) Max Weber
(b) Karl Max
(c) Emile Durkheim
(d) C. Wright Mill
(e) None of these

14) A large kinship group whose members inhabit one geographic area and believe they are descendent from a common area is known as:
(a) Clan
(b) Tribe
(c) Kin group
(d) Class
(e) None of these

15) A social condition in which values are conflicting, weak or absent is:
(a) Assimilation
(b) Hawthrone effect
(c) Invasion
(d) Anomie

16) In theoretical field social research aims at:
(a) finding problems of human being
(b) identifying delinquent behaviour
(c) reducing social conflict
(d) None of these

17) Survey Means:
(a) Overlooking
(b) Organizing social data
(c) Observation
(d) None of these

18) Independent variables are:
(a) Experimental Groups
(b) Study of social investigation
(c) Study of social life
(d) None of these

19) Qualitative Data Means:
(a) Expressed in number
(b) Expressed in words
(c) Both of these
(d) None of these

20) A Likert scale emphasizes:
(a) Reproducibility
(b) Uni-dimensinality
(c) None of these
Ferdinand Tonnies used the term ————–. To refer to societies dominated by impersonal relationships, individual accomplishment and self-interests.
(a) Society (b) Gesellschaft
(c) Community (d) Gemeinschaft

2) When the researcher asks the respondent face to face questions, this method is called
(a) Interview Schedule (b) Questionnaire
(C) Observation (d) interview guide

3) ———– Is the process by which people learn all patterns of social life.
(a) Interaction (b) Communication
(c) Socialization (d) Dissemination

4) According to ——- all societies across the world are stratified.
(a) Anthropologists (b) Sociologists
(C) Economists (d) Political Scientists

5) Biological characteristics distinguishing male from female is called ——
(a) Heterosexuality (b) Gender
(c) Sex (d) Homosexuality

6) A family consisting of step relations is called :
(a) Plural family (b) Joint family
(C) Extended family (d) Compound family

7) Power that people consider legitimate is known as
(a) Force (b) Right
(C) Authority (d) Privilege

8) Mugging, rape and burglary are examples of ——- crimes.
(a) Organized crimes (b) general crimes
(c) Street crimes d) Modern crimes

9) A norm is always enforced by sanctions.
(a) True (b) False

10) Society is the largest and most complex group that sociologists study.
(a) True (b) False

11) Endogamy is the marriage among certain relatives.
(a) True (b) False

12) Social structure of a society is the network of ————-
(a) Institutional Relations (b) Value system
(c) Traditions (d) Compliance to norms

13) Polygamy means ——————
(a) Several Husbands (b) Several Wives
(C) Several Marriages (d) Single Marriage

14) Demography means ————-:
(a) Male Population (b) Human Population
(c) Women population (d) Adult Population

15) ———— is striving for equal treatment of women and men and for abolishing inequality.:
(a) Feminism (b) Gender Studies
(C) Political Science (d) Law

16) WID approach believes in:
a) Gender mainstreaming b) Gender Segregation
c) Incorporating women in development activities d) None of these

17) Is Pakistan a signatory of CEDAW?
(a) Yes (b) No

18) Human Rights pertain to caring for the rights of;
a) Women b) Men
c) Minorities d) All of these.

19) Symbolic behavior of a person means ————
a) Meaningful behavior b) Covert behavior
c) Overt behavior d) Significant behavior

20) Gerontology is the study of —————
a) Human beings b) Special groups
c) Aged and aging d) all of these
Human and animal societies share all but one of the following characteristics:
a.Population and common territory
b.Shared beliefs and collective destiny
c.Both sexes and all ages
d.None of these

ii)The essential function of punishment in society is:
c.Affirmation of moral standards
d.None of these

iii)The most pervasive of the social processes are:
b.Overt Conflict
d.None of these
iv)One of the following is alien to the concept of culture:
a.Religious ritual
c.Idealized ways of thinking and doing
d.None of these

v)A human being deprived of all communication with other humans from birth would lack all but one of the followings:
a.Rudimentary personality
d.None of these

vi)Abstract sentiments are :
a.Closer to center of self than moral rules
b.Provide a focus for allegiance
c.Are compellers of action
d.None of these

vii)A person is conciously motivated primarily by his:
a.Social values
b.Real traits
c.Picture of himself
d.None of these
viii)Role confusion in modern society is engendered by all but one of the following:
a.Broadening of role specification
b.Plurality of moralities
c.increase in number of achievable positions
d.None of these
ix)The creative potential of personality is accounted for by:
a.Stimulus- response psychology
b.Drive psychology
c.Trait psychology
d.None of these
x)Once formed the self is:
d.None of these
xi)In modern society, cultural change is most likely to be the by product of:
c.Social struggle
d.None of these
xii)The country with better record for gathering population statistics than any other is:
d.None of these

xiii)The population of the world is expected to double in the next :
a.35 years
b.75 years
c.100 years
d.None of these
xiv)In 2014, the estimated world population would reach
a.3.7 billion
b.6.0 billion
c.9.0 billion
d.None of these
xv)Economic growth will keep pace with population growth only if there is :
a.Available acreage
b.Improved technology
c.Motivation to achieve
d.None of these

xvi)The price paid for increased mobility includes a decrease in :
b.Loyalty to superior
c.Personal responsibility
d.None of these
xvii)The trend toward urbanization is most advanced in :
d.None of these
xviii)In a highly intra-competitive situation, individual can guarantee the trust of peers by :
a.Self modesty
b.Genuine goodwill
c.Withholding praise of superior
d.None of these

xix)The item alien to the concept of mass is :
d.None of these
xx)The exception to the typical application of endogamy is :
d.None of these
Etnocentricism means:

(a) Evaluating other cultures with the Yardstick of your own values.
(b)Taking other nations as good as your own one but disowned
(c)No other society is like your’s and your society or group is superior to
(d) None of these.

(2) Social facts have thier independent existence and must be studied
likewise. Who remarked above when discussing scientific method:

(a)Ibn-i-Khaldun (b)Emile Durkhiem
(c)Auguste Comte (d) None of These

(3) An exploratory research design the major focus is on:

(a) Experimentation (b) Hypothesetesting
(c) Profile development and description (d) None of these

(4) Diffusion of innovations among cultures means:

(a) Traveling of traits and patterns in space/territory
(b) Transmission of trait complexes in time.
(c) Both(a) and (b)
(d) None of these

(5) Social institutions are ;

(a) God-given and cannot be changed
(b) Buildings and people who operate there
(c) Consultellation of folkways and moresaround some important functions(s)
of society.
(d) None of these.

(6)A counter culture:

(a) Has to be against the existing cultural ethos/values
(b) May not be against the existing cultural ethos/values
(c) If different from the existing culture may never succeed to survive
(d) None of these.
(7) Family Laws Ordinance was passed for the first time in:

(a) 1961 (b) 1973
(c) 1985 (d) None of these.

(8) Demographic Transition exhibits:

(a) High birth rate and low death rate in its first phase
(b) high death rate and low birth rate in its first phase.
(c) High birth rate and high death rate in its first phase.
(d) None of these.

(9) As a conquence of rural urban migration:

(a) more and more urbanization is takling place successfully
(b) ruralization of urban areas is takling place
(c) ruralization of urban areas and ribbon growth seem to be the result
(d) None of these

(10) In a patriarchal family the major decision are taken by the:

(a)Old men and women
(b)The male or female head of the family
(c)The male head of the family who weilds all powers
(d)None of these.

(11) Sociobiologists believe that:

(a) biology being the major constraints does not allow any change in human
nature hence socialization does not change much of human individual
nature.(b) Individaul is the product of social group within which he is socialized
(c)The-nature controversy has ended in favour of nurture and the
bio-sociologists have failed to promote thier thesis.
(d) None of these

(12)A double-barrelle question has the potential of having:

(a) Two acceptable responses/answers
(b)Two answers but incompatible with each other
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these .

(13) Those who cannot compete have no right for higher learning and must be refused accordingly who believed in the above thesis?

(a) Auguste comte (b)Spencer
(c) Karl max (d) None of these

(14) Whose theorizing social change is depicted/comes closer to Iqbal’s verse
“AA tujh ko bataon main taqdeer umam kia hai
shamsher w sanna awwal taoos w rabab aakhir”
(a) Karl- Marx
(b) Ibn-i-Khaldun
(c)George Hegel
(d) None of these.

(15) The lowest density of population per square kilometer is found in:

(a) Sindh (b) N.W.F.P
(c)Baluchistan (d) None of these

(16) Alteration is the state of affairs in which:

(a) the society has no norms and if there are any nobody follows the
(b) the individual has no claim over the product that he has finished
(c) the worker is least emotionally related to the product that he develops, the co-workers and the work emviorment.

(17) The rate of return for a mailed questionaire is usually:

(a) very high (b) very low
(c) it can be both (a) and(b) (d) None of these

(18) According to Emile Durkhiem the Mechanical Solidarity is based on:

(a) blood relations and neighbourhood
(b) division of labour and specialization
(c) The contribution individuals make to each other
(d) None of these
(19) Cultural Shock is caused by:

(a) Playing is different role and getting role strain
(b) finding values, norms and customs against ones cultural socialization
usually opposite to what one has been socilizad in and they turn out to
be dysfunctional.
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these

(20) Standard deviation in statistics is the measure that indicates in essence the :

(a) Central tendency
(b) Spread of the sample means/values
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) None of these
Any method of data collection that directly removes the researcher from research site
~: .
(a) Erosion measure (b) Accretion measure
(c) Unobtrusive measure (d) None ofthese

2. Commonly used measure of variability whose size indicates the dispersion of a
distribution is: .
(a) Standard deviation
(c) Standard score
(b) Co-efficient of variation
(d) Variance

3. In sample selection a threat that occurs when individuals have been assigned to the experimental group on the basis of their extreme score on dependent variable is
(a) Experimental mortality (b) Regression artifact (c) Maturation (d) None of these
4. An overall scheme of scientific activities in which scientists engage in order to produce knowledge is a:
(a) Research process (b) Research model
(c) Research methodology (d) Research design
5. When there is an inherent causal link between dependent and independent variables, the relationship is:
(a) Non-spurious
( b) significant relationship
(c) Spurious (d) None of these
6. Questions that are relevant to some respondents, may be irrelevant to others are known as:
(a) Double barreled questions (b) Leading questions
(c) Contingency questions (d) Matrix questions
7. Stratified sample falls under:
(a) Probability sampling design (b)Non probability sampling
(c) Multi-stage sample design (d) None of these
8)Egoistic, the special type of stucide presented by Emile Durkheim, springing from:
(a) Excessive irregulation (b) Excessive individualism
(c) over integration with group (d) None of these
9)To Simmel, a mean of maintaining or increasing integration within groups is:
(a) Co-operation (b) Competition
(c) Coercion (d) Conflict
10)Sociology is introduced as an academic discipline by:
(a) Ibn-e-Khaldun (b) Auguste Conte (c) George Simmel (d) Herbert Spencer
11)Society as a complex organization of parts that functions to fulfill the requirement a..’1d promote the needs of the whole, is a concept of:
(a) Structural Functionalism (b) Interaction School of thought
(c) Phenomology (d) None of these
12)The concepts of “Protestant” and “Bourgeoise” were presented by:
(a) Talcat parson (b) Karl Marx
(c) Max Weber (d) Emile Durkheim
13)In “The Division of Labor in Society”, Emile Durkheim presented the idea of:
(a) Mechanical & organic solidarity (b) Social & psychologica! solidarity
(c) Physical & social solidarity (dJ Psychological & mechanica.: solidarIty
(e) None of these
14)A large kinship group whose members inhibit one geographical area and believe the: are descendent from a common anceStor is knOwn as:
(a) clan (b) Tribe
(d) class (e) None of these
(c) Kin group
15)The process by which cultural traits spread from one group or society to another is called:
(a) Folkways
(b) cultural diffusion
(c) counter culture
( d) cultural complexes
(e) None of these
16)The phenomena when educated and highly skilled people emigrate to a new country, their home country loses, is referred as:
(a) Chain migration (b) Life-time migration (c) Brain Drain
(d) Mover (e) None of these
17)A social condition in which values are conflicting, weak or absent is called:
(a) Assimilation (b) Hawthrne effect (c) invasion
(d) Anomie (e.) None of these

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