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PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Important Social Wok Mcqs from Past Papers for Lecturer Test Preparation 2015

PPSC Lecturer Recruitment 2015 Important  Social Wok  Mcqs from Past Papers for Lecturer Test Preparation 2015

Human and animal societies share all but one of the following characteristics:
a.Population and common territory
b.Shared beliefs and collective destiny
c.Both sexes and all ages
d.None of these

ii)The essential function of punishment in society is:
a.Reform
b.Revenge
c.Affirmation of moral standards
d.None of these

iii)The most pervasive of the social processes are:
a.Cooperation
b.Overt Conflict
c.Competition
d.None of these
iv)One of the following is alien to the concept of culture:
a.Religious ritual
b.Changelessness
c.Idealized ways of thinking and doing
d.None of these

v)A human being deprived of all communication with other humans from birth would lack all but one of the followings:
a.Rudimentary personality
b.Self
c.Language
d.None of these

vi)Abstract sentiments are :
a.Closer to center of self than moral rules
b.Provide a focus for allegiance
c.Are compellers of action
d.None of these

vii)A person is conciously motivated primarily by his:
a.Social values
b.Real traits
c.Picture of himself
d.None of these
viii)Role confusion in modern society is engendered by all but one of the following:
a.Broadening of role specification
b.Plurality of moralities
c.increase in number of achievable positions
d.None of these
ix)The creative potential of personality is accounted for by:
a.Stimulus- response psychology
b.Drive psychology
c.Trait psychology
d.None of these
x)Once formed the self is:
a.Interactive
b.Proactive
c.Rigid
d.None of these
xi)In modern society, cultural change is most likely to be the by product of:
a.Planning
b.Diffusion
c.Social struggle
d.None of these
xii)The country with better record for gathering population statistics than any other is:
a.Japan
b.Sweden
c.USA
d.None of these

xiii)The population of the world is expected to double in the next :
a.35 years
b.75 years
c.100 years
d.None of these
xiv)In 2014, the estimated world population would reach
a.3.7 billion
b.6.0 billion
c.9.0 billion
d.None of these
xv)Economic growth will keep pace with population growth only if there is :
a.Available acreage
b.Improved technology
c.Motivation to achieve
d.None of these

xvi)The price paid for increased mobility includes a decrease in :
a.Conformity
b.Loyalty to superior
c.Personal responsibility
d.None of these
xvii)The trend toward urbanization is most advanced in :
a.America
b.England
c.Japan
d.None of these
xviii)In a highly intra-competitive situation, individual can guarantee the trust of peers by :
a.Self modesty
b.Genuine goodwill
c.Withholding praise of superior
d.None of these

xix)The item alien to the concept of mass is :
a.Vastness
b.Anonymity
c.Responsibility
d.None of these
xx)The exception to the typical application of endogamy is :
a.Tribe
b.Kinship
c.Race
d.None of these
The term society in sociology is used to refer to:

(a) The person living in an area

(b) The persons professing the same religion.

(c) The system of social relationship

(d) The organized relations between individuals

(e) None of the these.

(2) Herbert Spencer classified the society into:
(a) Four classes (b) Eight classes (c) Two classes (d) Three classes (e) None of these.

(3) ‘The bourgeoisie type of society was compounded

by:

. (a) Max Weber (b) Karl Marx (c) Hegel (d) T.H. Green (e) None of these.

(4) Language is important to society because:

(a) It makes social contracts easy.

(b) It raised man from a savage to a noble being

(c) It is an invention of society

(d) It easily satisfies man’s need of expression (e> None of these. .

(5) Socialization is a process involving:

(a) Setting up the social norms

(b) Gradual changing of an organism

(c) Declaring everything as belonging to society

(d) Training to adapt id society

(e) None of these.

(6) According to Hegel assimilation is:

(a) a person not a result

(b) a person as well a result

(c) a result and not a process

(d) All of these.

(e) None of these.

(7) *An association is characterized by:
(a) Norms (b) Customs (c) Folk ways (d) Usage (e) None of these.

(8) ‘The research process occurs:

(a) Sometime quickly, sometimes slowly

(b)^ With a very high degree of familiarization and rigour

(c) Always through the interaction. of several scientists

(d) Only irf the scientist’s imagination

(e) None of these.

(9) Operational definitions:

(a) Are composed of primitive and derived terms

(b) Represent concepts that can be directly observed

(c) Are sets of procedures that describe measurement activities

(d) Specify the meaning of concepts through obstensive definitions

(e) None of these.

(10) If we-develop a system that describe a cily}s. traffic flow by setting up a simulated road network, traffic signals and vehicles, we have constructed a/an: .
(a) Axiomatic theory (b) Model (c) Ad-hoc classificatory system (cl) Taxonomy (e) None of these.

(11) In principle, the age of a person is a:

(a) control variable

(b) continuous variable

(c) discrete variable

(d) spurious variable

(e) None of these.

(12) If a change in X produces a change in Y then:

(a) X is not casually related to Y

(b) X and Y do not ovary /

(c) X ‘could he cause of Y

(d) Y is a cause of X (c) None of these.

(13) What is the lowest Level of measurement in which numbers or symbols are used to classify objects:
(a) Nominal (b) Ordinal (c) Internal (d) Ratio
(e) None of these.

(14) Population of Pakistan is around:

(a) 150 million (b) 140 million (c) 160 million (d) 130 million (e) None of these.

(15) Population of Pakistan has been increasing at the rate of:

(a) 3 percent (b) 2.1 percent (c) 1.5 per cent (d) 2.6 percent (e) None of these.

(16) Average life of a Pakistani woman is:

(a) Equal to men (b) Shorter than man

(c) Longer than man

(d) None of these.

(17) Status may be:

(a) ascribed

(b) achieved

(c) Both ascribed and achieved

(d) None of these,

(18) An achieved status is: i

(a) shared by caste-minded people

(b) inherited from parents

(c) derived from abilities and skills

(d) dependent upon biological condition

(e) None of these.

(19) Role conflict -in society emerges out of the fact that:

(a) Performers do not know the nature of Vole performed «

(b) There is lack of balance in the system of the role performed
(c) They do not observe the desired standards, (d) They do not get adequate award -for the roleperformed, . . (d) None of these.

(20). “Bourgeoisie is a.term used by:

(a) ‘Aristotle (b) Karl MarX

(c) Max Weber (d) Maclur

(d) None of these
Who said “Man is a social animal”?

Aristotle.

Who called sociology “Social Physics”?

a)Auguste Comte
b)Wilfred
c)Herbert Spencer

3)Bourgeois type of society was introduced by?

Karl Marx

4)When cultural traits spread from one society to another,the process is called?

Diffusion

5)An ascribed status is one that is;

endowed at birth

6)Ethnocentrism means

superiority of ones own culture

7)A system in which one husband is married to many women is called;

polygyny

8)Levirate means;

a)Marriage of a man with the widow of his deceased brother
b)Marriage of a man with the sister of his deceased wife
c)None of these.

9)Joint family may be preferred because it has;

a)greater financial security
b)Division of labour
c)workable as a cooperative
d)all of these

10)Which of the following is not a major feature of capitalism?

Equitable distribution of income

11)Movement from rural to urban area is called;

Urbanization

12)Religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things.This definition has been given by;

Durkheim

13)Rapid growth of urbanization is due to advancement in;

a)modernization
b)westernization
c)technology
d)transport

14)Whose statement is this”where there is life there is society”

a)August Comte
b)Herbert Spencer
c)Durkheim
d)Maclver & Page

15)Who developed the “organic theory of society”

a)Herbert Spencer
b)Henry Maine
c)Thomas Hobbes
d)Maclver

16)What does culture usually reflect in Modern society?

a)Group culture
b)National culture
c)Geographical culture
d)religious culture

17)Customs are powerful in regulating the conduct of people in:

a)Simple societies
b)Urban societies
c)Industralized societies
d)All of these

18)Which one of these is not an essential element of community

Individual interest

19)Norms in society indicate;

Standarized generalization about normal expected mode of behaviour

20)Which one of the following is not a healthy social process?

a)Competition
b)Co-operation
c)Integration
d)None of these.

Affinal Kin means:
(a) Individuals who are related through blood
(b) Individuals who are legally related through marriage
(c) Descendants of a common ancestor in the male line
(d) None of these

(2) Culture Complex means
(a) A cluster of related culture traits
(b) Artifacts used by primitive people
(c) Originally an approach to culture
(d) None of these

(3) Double descent refers to
(a) Maternal descent system
(b) Father’s lineage
(c) The existence of a paternal and a maternal descent system within the same culture
(d) None of these

(4) By endogamy we mean
(a) The rule that requires the mates are chosen within some specified group
(b) Mates may be chosen within the same group
(c) Mates be chosen within the same family
(d) None of these

(5) Ethnography refers to
(a) A branch of study devoted to observation studies
(b) A division of Anthropology undertakes descriptive recording at culture
(c) None of these

(6) Feral man means:
(a) A socialized individual
(b) Individual supposedly reared apart from human society and hence imperfectly socialized.
(c) An individual rears in a cultural society
(d) None of these

(7) By gerontocracy we mean:
(a) A society dominated by the old men
(b) Young people’s society
(c) A mixed society of aged
(d) None of these

(8) Java man refers to
(a) Fossil man of Neolithic period
(b) A lover Pleistocene fossil
(c) A fossil man found in Paleolithic Age
(d) None of these

(9) Monotheism refers to
(a) The worship of one God
(b) The worship of many gods
(c) The followers of a magician
(d) None of these

(10) By Sorcery we mean
(a) General practice to cure sick
(b) Magic in a more neutral term
(c) None of these

(11) Who coined the term “residues”
(a) Robert K. Merton
(b) V.F.D. Pareto
(c) A.R.Radcliffe Brown
(d) None of these

(12) By Penology we mean
(a) Studies of social structure
(b) Study of Punishments
(c) Alternative methods of social control
(d) None of these

(13) Mills, C.Wright wrote book
(a) White Collar
(b) The Language of Social Research
(c) Value in Social Theory
(d) None of these

(14) Probation refers to
(a) Dealing with offenders while at liberty to a specified period of supervision by an officer of the court
(b) Absconded offender
(c) Murder of a criminal
(d) None of these

(15) Social mobility means
(a) Change in the closeness to members of other groups
(b) Movement from one class to another
(c) None of these

(16) By social status we refer to
(a) This is the position occupied by a person in a social system relative to others.
(b) A person’s position is given to him by birth
(c) A person gets the position by marriage onl
(d) None of these

(17) Social evolution means
(a) The process of gradual change taking place in all societies from simple to complex
(b) Decay in social system
(c) None of these

(18) Hypergamy refers to
(a) Position holds in lower classes
(b) Marriage upward from a lower social class to caste into a higher one
(c) A society dominated by wealthy people
(d) None of these

(19) Levirate means
(a) The marriage of a woman to her deceased husband’s brother
(b) Cousin’s marriage
(c) None of these

(20) Totem refers to
(a) High regards between the members of the Community
(b) An object, often an animal or plant, held in special regard by an individual or social group
(c) Children are looked after with great care
(d) None of these
Idea of alienation to work was presented by
a) Comte
b) Karl Max
c) Spenser
d) Emile Durkheim
e) None of these

2. Who presented that capitalism is the product of one sect of Christianity.
a) Karl Max
b) Comte
c) Max Weber
d) Spenser
e) None of these

3. The concept of folkways can be defined as being
a) Culturally salient norms
b) A pattern of behaviour
c) Specified rules of conduct
d) Less salient norm
e) None of these

4. Technic ways means
a) Adjustment of human being with mores
b) Adjustment of human being with Folk ways
c) Adjustment of human being with good habits
d) Adjustment of human being with technology
e) None of these

5. Ambivalence means
a) Single attitude toward one situation
b) In consistent attitude toward one situation
c) No attitude toward one situation
d) Emile Durkheim
e) None of these

6. Magnitude in research methods means:
a) The extent to which two variables relate with each other
b) The direction to which two variables relate with each other
c) The entity of two variables
d) None of these

7. Research process in research methods is
a) Not self-correcting in nature
b) Not cyclical in nature
c) Not observed through theories written material
d) None of these

8. Pakistan population would get doubled after
a) About 23 years
b) About 35 years
c) About 69 years
d) About 87 years
e) None of these

9. Pakistan population is termed as
a) Young population
b) Old population
c) Very old population
d) None of these

10. Emigration means
a) Going out of home country
b) Going out of home district
c) Going out of home village
d) None of these

11. Life span means
a) Passing form one year to next year
b) Maximum number of years that one can live
c) Average life that one can life
d) None of these

12. Within the year group, the major emphasis is upon
a) Achievement
b) Conformity
c) Individual conviction
d) Competition
e) None of these

13. “Brain washing” consists of extreme and intensive
a) Reciprocal roles
b) Identification
c) Disorientation
d) Resocialization
e) None of these

14. The sociogram is best described as a sociological
a) Concept
b) Fact
c) Theory
d) Technique
e) None of these

15. A caste system as a pure theoretical type is based upon
a) Ascribed status
b) Social status
c) Achieved status
d) Both Achieved and Ascribed status
e) None of these

16. Social class position in a true “open class” structure is based upon:
a) Ascribed criteria
b) Race
c) Family position
d) Achieved criteria
e) None of these

17. The sex ratio is
a) The number of women per hundred men
b) The number of children a woman has
c) The number of men per hundred women
d) The number of children biologically possible for a woman
e) None of these

18. The term used to refer to the biological maximum number of birth is
a) Sex ratio
b) Fertility
c) Fecundity
d) Natural increase
e) None of these

19. From the stand point of its role in society, one of the great potential capability of religion is:
a) Lessening confusion by providing a system of beliefs
b) Taking over the socialization process of children
c) Strengthening the other institutions in society
d) The promotion of group cohesion
e) None of these

20. The essential requirement of any sample is that it is
a) As large as possible
b) As convenient to obtain as possible
c) Representative
d) Equal to entire population
e) None of these

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