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Punjab Govt. decided to Finish Board Exams for Private Candidates

Punjab Govt. decided to Finish  Board Exams for Private Candidates

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How to Reduce Exam Anxiety

How to Reduce Exam Anxiety

Exam Anxiety Tip 1

Be Prepared Early

The most common cause of exam anxiety is lack of preparation for the exam. Set up a study schedule at least three weeks before your first exam. You may find that you actually need to start studying very early due to other commitments. Planning ahead also assists you to avoid cramming which can be a major cause of exam anxiety.
Exam Anxiety Tip 2

Sleep Well

Regular sleep is one of the best ways to control stress. Getting up and going to bed each day at the same times ensures that your body and brain are getting the rest they need for optimal functioning. Students who follow a regular sleeping pattern have been shown to perform 30% better than students who stay up late or get up early to study.
Exam Anxiety Tip 3

Same Caffeine & Sugar Intake

Keep caffeine and sugar intake the same during exam time. Don’t increase or decrease the amount of coffee, tea or cola that you normally drink as your body and brain are accustomed to getting a certain amount. Keep things in your life as stable as possible, especially during exam time.
Exam Anxiety Tip 4

Learned Relaxed Breathing

When you display any symptoms of anxiety during studying or during the exam, use relaxed breathing to calm yourself. Take your attention away from the task and take a few slow breaths. Say to yourself, “calm and relaxed” as you exhale. Practice relaxed breathing before the exam.
Exam Anxiety Tip 5

Don’t Study the Night Before

Studying the night before an exam causes your anxiety level to increase. Unfortunately, it doesn’t decrease when you go to sleep. Reduce anxiety by taking the evening off to relax – watch TV, see a movie, read a novel, etc.
Exam Anxiety Tip 6

Review Main Themes

If it causes you anxiety NOT to study the night before an exam, review the main themes of the course earlier in the day. Of course, that implies that you should have already studied well.
Exam Anxiety Tip 7

Have a Plan before the Exam

As part of your studying, think about how you will approach the exam, and what you will do when you run into trouble. Having a plan in place will assist you to worry less about failing, and help you to concentrate more on passing.
Exam Anxiety Tip 8

Aim to Do Your Best

Often, students start thinking negatively when things aren’t going well on an exam. This can lead to lower self-confidence and increased self-doubt. Recognize and turn off your negative internal dialogue. Focus on the task instead of on yourself. Do not try for perfection – aim to do your very best.

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2009

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2009 

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2009

The National Education Policy (NEP)
2009 (“the Policy”) comes in a series of education policies dating back to the very
inception of the country in 1947. The review process for the National Education Policy
1998-2010 was initiated in 2005 and the first document, the White Paper was finalized
in March 2007. The White Paper became the basis for development of the Policy
document.
1. Life Skills-Based Education (LSBE) shall be promoted.
2. Grades XI and XII shall not be part of the college level and shall be merged into
the school level forming part of existing secondary schools
3. A system for ranking of primary and secondary educational institutions across the
country shall be introduced
4. To create an order for excellence in the country, a “National Merit Programme”
shall be introduced to award bright students
5. All children, boys and girls, shall be brought inside school by the year 2015.
6. Official age for primary education shall be 6 to 10 years. The official age group
for next levels of education shall also change accordingly.
7. Government shall make efforts to provide the necessary financial resources to
achieve the EFA goals.
8. Government shall establish at least one “Apna Ghar” residential school in each
province to provide free high quality education facilities to poor students.
9. Every child, on admission in Grade I, shall be allotted a unique ID that will
continue to remain with the child throughout his or her academic career.
10. Literacy rate shall be increased up to 86% by 2015
11. Provinces and district governments shall allocate a minimum of 3% of education
budget for literacy and non formal basic education (NFBE).
12. NEF programmers, currently in practice up to grade 5 shall be expanded up to
grade 10, where required.
13. (14 to 17 years). Special educational stipends shall be introduced to rehabilitate
child laborers.
14. A Bachelors degree, with a B.Ed., shall be the requirement for teaching at the
elementary level. A Masters level for the secondary and higher secondary, with a
B.Ed., shall be ensured by 2018. PTC and CT shall be finished

The National Education Policy (NEP) 2009

15. Diploma in Education (D.Ed) may be used as an intermediate qualification till B.Ed teachers are available universally. 16. Teacher training arrangements, accreditation and certification procedures shall be standardized and institutionalized. 17. In service teachers training in mathematics shall be given with due attention to developing conceptual understanding, procedural knowledge, problem solving and practical reasoning skills. 18. In service teacher training in science shall be based on real life situations, use of science kits and provision of science kits to all primary and middle schools. 19. Teacher allocation plans, likewise, shall be based on schools needs and qualifications of teachers. Over the course of next two years, Governments shall develop a rationalized and need-based school allocation of teachers, which should be reviewed and modified annually. 20. Provincial and Area Administrations shall develop effective accountability mechanism including EMIS data on teacher deployment, to control absenteeism and multiple job-holding, 21. Maximum age limit shall be waived off for recruitment of female teachers. 22. The curriculum development and review process, as well as textbooks review process, shall be standardized and institutionalized within the framework of the Federal Supervision of Curricula, Textbooks and Maintenance of Standards of Education Act, 1976. 23. Professional Councils like Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PM&DC) and Pakistan Engineering Council (PEC) shall be involved in consultations for relevant curriculum development. 24. Environmental education shall be made an integral part of education. 25. Matric-Tech scheme shall be re-introduced at secondary level 26. Education system needs to be internationally competitive and Pakistan shall make efforts 27. TVE shall be extended according to the need of the area i.e. Tehsil, District and Division.
1. First Educational Conference of Pakistan held in Karachi from 27 Nov to 1 Dec 1947 2. Education Minister during first educational conference was Mr. Fazlul Rehman 3. First Educational conference decided to promote Two nation theory, Urdu Language and to establish an Inter University Board.
The National Education Policy (NEP) 2009

4. Gen.Ayub Khan government establish a 11 members national educational commission on 30 Dec 1958 5. S.M Shareef was Chairmain of this commission. This commission started its work fro Jan 1959. Mr.Sharif was a Secretary of education 6. Sharif Commission presented his report to President in Aug 1959 consisting of 346 pages 7. According to Sharif Commission report School educational year was consist of 40 weeks with 2 month summer, 10days winter and 14 days spring vacations 8. University Educational Year consists of 36 weeks 9. Noor Khan Report was another National Education Policy by Yahya Govt in 1970. 10. University Grants Commission was established according to this policy. 11. Zulifqar Bhutto announce a National Education Policy on 29 March 1972. 12. According to National Education Policy on 29 March 1972, all private institutions were nationalized on 1 october 1972. 13. First Peoples Open University established in Islamabad According to National Education Policy on 29 March 1972. 14. National Research Fellowship was established According to National Education Policy on 29 March 1972 15. NSC was established According to National Education Policy on 29 March 1972. 16. Zia Ul Haq Govt issued National Education Policy 1978 17. Islamiat,Pak Studies, Arabic were mad compulsory subjects in National Education Policy 1978. 18. National Educational Council was established in National Education Policy 1978. 19. National Centre was established for science according to National Education Policy 1978. 20. National Technical Teachers Training College established in National Education Policy 1978.